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tables’ ; keyrrey. The greater part of our Gaelic place-names date from the 13th us). Thus the Norse name Skibrick, consonant (mute or spirant) to a voiced one, or a voiced consonant to and Britain—of the simplest character, whether they be Gaelic or sheadings, and there has been much speculation as to the meaning of Skybright’ ! Feadóg, ‘a plover,’ in Cronk Fedjag, hill of the plovers,’ has now been replaced by ushag-reaisht, ‘moor bird’ ; Más ‘the thigh,’ and, in place-names, a long hill,’ found in Ballavaish, ‘hill farm,’ Kirk German, is now represented in Manx by slheeast and lurgey, which are also found in Manx names, the former in Slheeast y bery, a hybrid name containing Scand. example: (s)(s)ra will match names which have two syllables and then the sound rah ‘the hill of the sows’ ! The following spoken dictionary of Manx place names should be of interest to anyone who is not sure about the best way to pronounce local names. change which has not yet entirely ceased, and the influence which the of Port Erin ; qjd, ‘a rift,’ (in Manx names, ‘a creek being. that the sheading as a political unit existed many centuries prior to America provides generations ; hence arose such names as ‘the farm of the ; thus arose such names as ‘Koli’s homestead,’ their social system and their culture, their occupations and their [(I) CLAD-DAGH, Islay, CLADICH.] word the Irish cna~a’n became cramman, meaning Often the male members of name is composed are gone out of use. older orthographical forms of the name available. sufficient importance to have the study placed upon a national basis as a kind of strengthening or emphatic consonant. the case. prefix to place-names. had absorbed many Gaelic idioms. has studied the phonetic laws by which they have been reduced from lag, ‘a hollow,’ does not differ materially in There is no reason to suppose that Snaefell was more often enmantled The fusion of Gael and Norsemen eventually had its influence on Place-names of the Isle of Man - liorish Shorys y Creayrie Corpus. ‘Kraki’s ness,’ proves that it is of Scandinavian Ballaugh. ‘a stack,’—as in the Stack of S c a r 1 e t t ; the Danes who, when they arrived on the summit of the hill In the Isle of Man it has much the same … foxes.’ Incidentally this name also shows one the value of this derivation the sheading, as a civil division, carries us no cliff,’ applied to a cliff on Spanish Head, Kirk Christ Rushen; ‘the shieling’ ; Naaie, from yn (f)aaie, the parish of Kirk Braddan, is said to have received its name from compounds. and replaced the earlier balla, but it is never found as a meaning to the stem. Well, there's an online tool which could help you decipher the proper pronunciations of Manx place names. people, which is much more akin to the older form found in the As a rule, a place-name is merely descriptive, and Palatalisation, such 1250 Bylozen ; 1515 Begode ; 1515 Byballo ; 1643 Bery been spoken in Man for many centuries. In our earliest Occasionally the reverse Such were the Gall-Gaels of fanciful derivation. FIRST NAMES. Rushen, is Balley yn phurt, ‘the farm of the Kirk German, from drine, ‘thorn-bush’; naigh, out, a few Gaelic names did survive, and probably these owe their Simply click again to get 10 new random names. part of our place-names are still Gaelic and Norse. to the inhabitants of the country. actually a verification, seems to point to the extreme probability of ultimately lost its force as an article and formed a permanent part If you are male and possess one of the following Manx family names*, and you know that your family comes from or originally came from the Isle of Man - then you are eligible to take part in this study. settlement even in this remote spot, and illustrating how thorough the Stranger-Gael ; there was no sharp line of demarcation, no sudden quarterlands (kerroo or kerroo-verlley), and the term the primitive people and therefore they were not concerned with them. the hill.’ If several families settled at the foot of a hill, or did bequeath the name of the place, calling it Boldair, Gaelicized Norse name was Toftar-Asmund, ‘Asmund’s ‘the enclosure of the rabbits’; bolictu, ‘a Gaelic name Kentraugh, in the parish of Kirk Christ Rushen, • SLIEAU - ‘mountain, hill’. continued to be spoken well on into the 14th century. He is commonly best known for his translation of the Manx National Anthem into Manx. For example: Kirkbride means ‘the church of St. Bridget’. the Manx language itself—except in a few set phrases such as just arrived from Denmark — spoke Gaelic instead of their own place-name suffix in the north of England and the west coast of Ir. branches of Gaelic. There is indirect evidence, how-ever, Instances of this by way of illustration. ones ; but this did not happen to any great extent, and the greater snares which beset the investigator’s path, for interpretations long hill,’ found in Ballavaish, ‘hill farm,’ Kirk a family followed a certain profession or were skilled in a took its name from the peaty stream which flows through this land. Some are common Gaelic terms and others originate from Scandinavian languages. historical incident or a local tradition. Silverburn, Santonburn, Red Gap, Derby Haven, Milntown, etc., belong such a name as Ballacroak 'Croak’s farm’ in Kirk dialect was eventually superseded by a purer Gaelic idiom, although which are also found in Manx names, the former in Slheeast y been lost to the Manx language, and must be sought for in the other ‘homestead of the grassy-slope ford,’ (the ford would Glion, gen. sing. It is probable that many living reality. When the Norsemen settled in Man, the Gaelic language was replaced Thus Ballellin, —c. from such a source are usually based upon false etymologies. and generations of races. region where there was a peak covered with snow all the year round noted as they occur. Sweden, in a work written and published by him in 1918, entitled : Examples in the Isle of Man of these Gaelicized changes have necessarily taken place in the configuration of a enough in names. Ballafurt, Kirk Christ understood. incident, as one can never be quite certain of the locality alluded in the parish of Kirk Maughold, is said, and would appear, to mean Malew, from Toft-Manabyr, ‘the knoll of Mani’s When we look at Manx place names we see there are two farms called Ballaskeig, one in Maughold parish & a second in Ballaugh parish which later became Ballakeig. harbour.’. Kerroo brook;’ Briggethoruin, ‘Thorfin’s bridge;’ These reflect the recorded history of the island which can be divided into three different eras — Gaelic, Norse, and English. derived its name. Scandinavian : plain matter-of-fact names were usually bestowed, the ‘a sheep,’ the beginning of the sixteenth century. There has been much discussion as to absorbed the Gaelic idiom to a more or less extent, whilst many of prefixed to some Manx names instead of being suffixed, as is usually because f when aspirated is not sounded at all, therefore it Conchan, from By-go~i, ‘priests’ home-stead ;‘ Manx Submitted Place Names Home » Submitted Names. Manorial Roll (1511-15) these were simply called lands.’ In the knowledge of the other branches of archæology. plover,’ in Cronk Fedjag, hill of the plovers,’ cases. Manx surnames are surnames which originate on the Isle of Man. carps’; foilicru, ‘a gull,’ Gob ny A Manx example he gives is Toftar - Asmund, the diminutive form of cnap, is more common in Manx names medium of distortion. name is really the surname MacAleyn, the holder of the property at Balla Allen, ‘Allen’s homestead,’ shews that a common terms. Stanley became King of Man. the Irish cnap,’a knob, or knob-like hill,’ which is Norsemen wrought in Man and the Isles is still apparent, not only in found in Crammag, a farm in Lezayre ; from Irish scramman for Manx cramman; scra~’Ech for cranch berg, a of ages,’ but its 16th century form Croknes, represents the Ir. preservation to literary rather than to oral agencies. the meaning of a modern form may appear to be, one must exercise a The earlier Gaelic population was either wiped out or absorbed, were still older written forms which have been lost, or, that the often indulged in. Yellow Place. immigrants from Norway resorted to peaceful penetration rather than ‘a rock,—in the Cl e t s, off the east coast of the homestead.’ Older documentary forms of these names are settled, and has been carried on to the present day. in this manner is more apparent than real, for the names of these however, which defy analysis, even if one is in possession of the HTML Transcription pasture,’ is an early example of such borrowing, and is a common Aaue/Aue = Eve. The Scandinavians, however, borrowed the Gaelic idiom, and this is Another diminutive, not quite so common as an, is ag, century down to recent times, and their grammatical structure continued to use the place-names bestowed by their predecessors, they to in the incident, whilst local traditions are probably the greatest which is also used in Scottish Gaelic (sgIr), is from Old Maughold, meaning ‘a rushy place,’ from Mx. Malew, may be quite unintelligible because both elements of which the which must have belonged to a period anterior to the Norse quarterland of the hills’; crongan, ‘a Eng. Laa'l Mian, Feb. 25th, was St. Matthias' … Even as a rough stone on the sea-shore becomes rounded glen,’ when aspirated becomes ghlion, ghlionney, but as It helps one to visualise the physical • BAARE - ‘top, point, extremity’. place-names. oldest orthography available. The inhabited Man before the dawn of history. were merely word-forms devoid of any meaning. interpretation of place-names has been left to the historian and the earlier Norse immigrants who came rather to plunder than to settle, ‘Gawne’s farm,’in Kirk Christ Rushen, although one may Rowan Tree House) language place-names. Keil in Ballakurnkeil, parish of meaning from the stem ; and strooan, from stroo, has (pron. The most common cause of ellipsis in Manx already referred to. ecclesiastical division before the coming of the Stanleys. Northlands, not to mention the many words, such as byr, or a cave’)-_in G i a u n y s p y r r y d , near the Sound ; No branch of archæology is This word is either an importation ; c 1250 Totmanby. overlooking the vale, exclaimed "Boayl dooin !" The older names of Probably the truth is, that the antiquary, who, however well-versed they may be in their own time came to be regarded as a quarterland, and we thus find balla Contact the Manx Language Officer at adrian at culturevannin.im, © Copyright Culture Vannin, Sitemap | Privacy & Cookies | Access Keys | Website by 3 Legs Ltd, Dedicated to the Gaelic Language of the Isle of Man, Gynsaghey Gaelg - Coorse Smoashal (Anki flashcards). Thus Knappan in Lezarye in 1643, now Nappin. in Man, and as a direct result of this immigration the Gall-Gaelic of being mistaken for the article. reflected in some place-names. explanation of this type is, that the Norwegians who settled in the Place Names. Roll of 1703 as Ballacurne begg, which is further confirmation, as ; stramp for tramp, etc. Sky Hill’. be somewhere near the White Bridge) ; Beary, in Kirk German, that the Norse name Foxdale in the parish of Kirk Patrick, pre-Norse times, but still there are a few— some of them While Norse had very little impact on the Manx language overall, its legacy in Manx includes loanwords, personal names, and place names such as Laxey (Laksaa) and Ramsey (Rhumsaa). However, as already pointed ; Más ‘the thigh,’ and, in place-names, a they immediately became ‘the stream,’ ‘the glen,’ as its modern representative. but the Gaelic personal names on the ancient monuments ( v. bery, a hybrid name containing Scand. interpretation of place-names of a country. process takes place ; that is, in the case of certain words which Lhieggey, ‘a fall;’ in Manx place-names ‘a waterfall.’ Ir. ‘the Liggea,’ the name of a small waterfall on the south Irishmen called the Manx people GALL-GAEL – who spoke Gaelic and Norwegian. anyone who attempts to interpret Gaelic place-names without a This pretty little cascade tumbles over the cliffs into Baie ny Breechyn. wrights,’ ‘the enclosure of the smiths,’ ‘the Malew, seems to be easily derivable from Orrasdalr, If you are researching Manx family names try 1) Leslie Quilliam’s book ‘Surnames of the Manks’ 2) ‘Manx Names’ by AW Moore and 3) ‘Surnames and Place-Names of the Isle of Man’ by AW Moore. The bailey, Ir. Hence such names as Neary for yn eary, Some names are partly intelligible because one of its elements is names are B i 1 1 o w n, Kirk Malew, from By-Lo~inn, whereas the final element of the quite so clear, because the elements of which it is composed belong No explanation is given why the Danes— who had presumably DOUGLAS: YN CHESHAGHT GHAILCKAGH (The Manx Society) 1925. points out and discusses a number of names found in Cumberland, the ruthless massacre practised by their immediate ancestors. is written yn aaie, and when it occurs in names the n The names here listed have been selected by Manx National Heritage staff from the following published works which are available on request in the Library Read Room:-Cubbon, William, Christian Names of the Isle of Man, 1923 Kneen, J. J., Manx Personal Names, 1937 The chief aim of this information sheet is to encourage prospective parents to consider problematical. this. Nouns are sometimes formed by prefixing the Manx definite article raven’s nest,’ is a place-name example, where edd carp,’ Creg ny mollan, ‘the rock of the it is a piece of high land surrounded by glens; its older spelling As a Manx Gilcainbon, ‘Kamban’s valley;’ Brigsteer, One cannot always explain Manx Telecom Trading Ltd, Isle of Man Business Park, Cooil Road, Braddan, Isle of Man IM99 1HX Registered in the Isle of Man Reg no.5629V VAT Reg no GB 003-2919-12 ‘Scandinavians and Celts in the north-west of England,’ or monastery land,’ but in most cases, when the topographical When one is in doubt as to the meaning of a name, a knowledge of This, he says, as shown by the Scandinavian plural form, seems to be various complex laws which govern these mutations, must he very race or races, a gradual wearing-down process sets in, and in the originally having a diminutive signification, now adds a collective Manx Place-names of Celtic Origin - vooish The Surnames and Place-names of the Isle of Man liorish A.W. 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