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Even so, the residents of Wellington City are New Zealand’s wealthiest, best-educated and cyber-savvy citizens. By 1900 Lambton Quay, ‘the beach’ in 1840, was a long way back from the water’s edge of the bustling port town. A bus will be made available with one pickup point at no charge. Te Ohu Kai Moana Trust and Te Ohu Kai Moana Trustee Limited were created ultimately out of the Māori Fisheries Settlement 1992 between Māori and the Crown.Te Ohu Kaimoana is the successor to the Māori Fisheries Commission (1989 – 1992) and the Treaty of Waitangi Fisheries Commission (1992 – 2004). The tough, small-leaved trees and shrubs and hardy tussocks of the ice ages alternated with warmer periods during which kauri grew here. Although modern New Zealand archaeology has largely clarified questions of the origin and dates of the earliest migrations, some theorists have continued to speculate that what is now New Zealand was discovered by Melanesians, 'Celts', Greeks, Egyptians or the Chinese, before the arrival of the Polynesian ancestors of the Māori. Settlers were allocated two property lots: an acre in the township, and a back-country block worth £1 per acre. Here too, spiky nikau, our only palm and the southernmost palm species in the world, with its unmistakable columnar trunk and sculptural, bulbous frond bases, flourished in the damp gullies among an extraordinary diversity of fern species. Join the Māori Affairs Committee as it hears submissions for its Inquiry into health inequities for Māori (Wellington, 13 November 2019) This inquiry is focused on cancer care. Since then the city has developed many more museums, galleries and performance spaces. Some settlers were a little surprised when they discovered their estate, purchased sight-unseen, wasn’t exactly ‘flat section, all day sun’! A shake-up of a different kind took place 20 years later when free-market policies trimmed the public sector. In the 1990s apartment living became popular with many, further fuelling the burgeoning culture. Along the route you will see and experience a diversity of interesting natural features and eco-systems, from wild coastline, wetland and inland lakes, to farmland crossings and detours through regenerating native bush – all giving an insight into the life of the harbour before humans arrived …. None of this closed the widening gap between the city and its arch rival, Auckland, whose greater urban area now has almost four times the population of the Wellington urban area. New Zealand. In the Wellington region, the plate collision is compressing Earth’s crust in an east-west direction, almost like squeezing a corrugated sheet – the ridges go up and the valleys go down. These faults are all sideways faults with significant vertical movement and they all cut right through the crust, which is about 25 km thick beneath Wellington. Although much of the Great Harbour Way is urbanised, a large part of it is in a relatively natural or regenerative state. Becoming the country’s capital was all very well, but it created few jobs in the days before big government. In the north and east, on well-drained spurs, beech forest spread its comparatively uniform canopy. “Māori are still a key player in primary sector, but the asset base is increasingly diversified,” said BERL Chief Economist, Hillmarè Schulze. Wellington, New Zealand: Huia. Around the same time, the city became the financial heart of New Zealand, with many imposing bank and insurance buildings springing up in the south Lambton Quay precinct. It literally means the great harbour of Tara. The area south of Te Aro Pa was well-cultivated. The cone-shaped hilltop was flattened off and lowered by some 30 metres , and so any remnants of Māori use and occupation are likely to have long since been removed. The consolidation of the working port around Aotea Quay freed up much of the old waterfront for redevelopment. Treaty timeline 1300–1350 WellingtonArrival of people from … Underneath the Wellington region, the hard ‘basement’ rocks of Earth’s crust are known as greywacke, essentially sandstone with a silt or mud content. The financial and commercial redress of the proposed settlement was now close to $180 million. Other iwi associated with the area were Ngati Kahungunu, Ngai Tahu and Ngati Mamoe. Many of the usual groups that attend Waitangi – including the Māori Party and delegations who attend with the iwi leaders – had opted to stay away after the recent case of Covid-19 in Northland. The first came from the railways, which from the late 1870s provided better access to the productive farms and townships of the interior. Porirua became a manufacturing and distribution centre, and from the late 1960s the Kapiti Coast mushroomed as a retirement and commuting area. Another leg-up came from the Liberals, who ruled for 21 years from 1890, led for much of that time by ‘King Dick’, creating many state jobs. There was frequent contact and trade between the various hapu (sub-tribes) of different kainga, and the harbour was well used as a highway for communication and to gather marine resources. Estuaries teemed with aquatic and salt-tolerant plants in broad, subtle colour bands, and dunes were clothed in a pelt of silver spinifex and golden pingao, with handsome plumes of coastal toetoe waving high overhead. They negotiate the settlement of historical Treaty of Waitangi claims. Most of this sediment is loess, wind-blown sand and silt from the exposed sea floor during successive glacial periods of the Ice Ages. Image sourced from The Māori Language Commission website, 26 July 2017 Cultural Aspects Toi te kupu, toi te mana, toi te whenua The permanence of the language, prestige and land Mead, S. M., & Grove, N. (2001).Ngāpēpeha a ngātīpuna : The sayings of the ancestors. September 8, 2017. On the shores of Cook Strait a remarkably rich seaweed flourished. Te Arawhiti is dedicated to fostering strong, ongoing and effective relationships with Māori across Government. Legends recount that Kupe discovered and explored the region in about the 10th century. Other early settler ships included the Tory, Cuba, Oriental, Roxburgh, Adelaide, Glenbervie, Bolton and Coromandel – all remembered in Wellington street names. Launch of new Māori resource; Book casts new light on Treaty settlement process. On the higher slopes, thousands of northern rata reached to over 30 metres high, flowering at Christmas and turning the hills crimson for weeks on end, to the delight of nectar-seeking tui and korimako. Ngāti Kahu: Portrait of a sovereign nation: History, traditions and Tiriti o Waitangi Claims: Kia Hakapūmau tonu te Mana o ngā Hapū o Ngāti Kahu: Ngāti Kahu Deed of Partial Settlement. The government conserved some key icons such as Parliament Buildings, the wooden Government Buildings and the Old Bank Arcade, but sadly, unsightly additions and alterations to many more were permitted. Te Whanganui a Tara is another name Māori gave the area – a name said to come from Whatonga’s son Tara who was sent down from the Mahia Peninsula by his father to explore southern lands for their people to settle. Tariff reductions and the 1987 share-market crash devastated major employers such as the railways and many of the regions factories. Frank Kitts Park got a major makeover in the late 1980s, but reaction to some of the new buildings on Queen’s Wharf led to closer public scrutiny of waterfront development, which has since continued at a more restrained pace. New Zealand straddles a segment of the collision boundary between two of Earth’s 15 major crustal plates – the Australian Plate (which is moving northwards) and the Pacific Plate (going west). Over the next 950 years a succession of Maori people from different tribes arrived and occupied the area including Tara and Tautoke, sons of Whatonga from the Mahia peninsula. According to Māori tradition, Wellington Harbour was originally a lake and home to two great taniwha (mythic water monsters) named Ngake and Whātaitai. In 1863 the Parliament at Auckland decreed that ‘it has become necessary that the seat of government … should be transferred to some suitable locality in Cook Strait’. Dr Rawiri Taonui Covid Māori | The Mystery of the Locations of Interest Group and White Waitangi Day As predicted in the Waatea News column 29 January, yesterday saw a 4th case of the South African B1351 strain. Te Ātiawa settled the inner harbour area and had a close relationship with Ngāti Toa further north. After the First World War the city’s economy expanded as producer boards, oil companies, and car manufacturers and distributors set up shop. Even so, many people switched to private cars, leading to problems for such a compact city. Wellington didn’t start out as New Zealand’s capital city. Loess forms the conspicuous yellow-brown clay around Wellington. Maui and his brothers struggled with the large fish, beating and slashing it so that it writhed in agony creating the hills and the valleys. It was Tara whose name was given to the harbour, still in use today – Te Whanganui a Tara, meaning ‘the Great Harbour of Tara’. Find out what's open and how to get support wellington.govt.nz/covid-19. The so-called King Movement was a response to the increasing threat to the Maori land. About the book. In 1839, led by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, the Company bought from Te Atiawa chief Te Wharepouri, 90 percent of the land in Te Whanganui a Tara, around 160,000 acres, in a deal known as The Port Nicholson Purchase (Wellington being so-named at that time, after an Australian harbour master). Here leading scholars consider the impact of Treaty settlements on the management and ownership of key resources (lands, forests and fisheries); they look at the economic and social consequences for Māori, and the impact of the settlement process on Crown–Māori relationships. This naming presupposes the ability of early Māori to view Aotearoa from the heavens and envisage the fish-like shape of the whole North Island. Few of Wellington’s forest giants remain, and you won’t see the masses of luxuriant epiphytes that perched high and low on them. Tara was sent by his father to inspect the lower North Island in the twelfth century. Under them the ‘Empire City’ flourished, gaining many fine public buildings. In fact Wellington began as a settlement with very little flat land, but the 1855 earthquake raised more flat land, stimulating more reclamations. After he left in early J… Wellington Harbour is more like a lake than a harbour, being up to 28 metres deep and occupying nearly 50 square kilometres. Wellington is at Alert Level 1. Dwelling on the past. Please email us at: email@example.com, site by theDesign wellington web designer, Accessing the Great Harbour Way/ Te Ara o Pōneke, Walking the Great Harbour Way/ Te Aranui o Pōneke, Bicycling the Great Harbour Way/ Te Aranui o Pōneke, The Story of Wellington Harbour Maori Discovery & Settlement, Boffa Miskell report on Great Harbour Way/ Te Aranui o Pōneke. Wellington. Today Meka Whaitiri, a member in the Labour Party, warmly greeted us and gave us a tour of the Parliament.She met us in the Māori Affairs Committee Room, which is located in the main Parliament building. The best places to go to see native forest in Wellington are Otari-Wilton’s Bush and the native forest remnants in the Botanic Garden. Kupe, the great Māori explorer, is said to have stayed in the harbour hundreds of years ago and many place names in the harbour acknowledge his presence – Matiu and Makaro, or Somes and Ward Islands as they are also known, are the names of two of Kupe’s nieces. Scoop Wellington provides news and views from Wellington, New Zealand ... and subsequent Māori settlement along this coastline.” Bruce is analysing the data and preparing to write a book about the site, its locality, and this important piece of New Zealand history. Tasman named the place we now call Golden Bay ‘Moordenaers’ (Murderers’) Bay. Māori settlement. When European settlers arrived they found thriving Māori settlements stretching from Waiwhetu on the eastern side of the Hutt Valley, Petone, round to settlements at the mouth of the Kaiwharawhara Stream to Pipitea Pa, Kumutoto Pa, Tiakiwai Pa and finally into Te Aro Pa in the heart of the waterfront. The Maniapoto Māori Trust Board (MMTB) are providing travel to and from the initialling of the Deed of Settlement with the Crown in Parliament Buildings in Wellington on Thursday 17 December, returning Friday 18 December. In fact Wellington began as a settlement with very little flat land, but the 1855 earthquake raised more flat land, stimulating more reclamations. Tara and his people moved south and were thus the first iwi (tribe) in Wellington, hence named Ngai Tara. Wellington’s indigenous vegetation evolved through climate changes spanning many millennia. In 1968, however, a fearsome storm ripped roofs off houses and sank the ferry Wahine with the loss of 51 lives. So did building heights. Tall tree fern species, ferns-that-are-trees, raised their elegant umbrellas to the canopy or arched their graceful fronds in the dimness of the understory. Ngāti Kahu - Portrait of a Sovereign Nation gives real insight into Treaty of Waitangi Claims process. These included Ngati Toa, Ngati Ruanui, Taranaki, Ngati Tama and Te Atiawa. When to put out your rubbish and recycling, Sorting and preparing your rubbish and recycling, Southern Landfill, Tip Shop and Recycle Centre, History of Wellington - Pre-European Settlement. The Office for Māori Crown Relations – Te Arawhiti. Since European settlement in the 1840s, Pukeahu has been heavily modified, leaving little of the pre-colonial landscape. settlement of a number of islands and island groups in East Polynesia. Warmer sites were favoured by the candelabra-branched tawa, and by kohekohe, with its cauliflorous flowers sprouting profusely straight from the trunk, in mid-winter. The original Polynesian settlers discovered the country on deliberate voyages of exploration, navigating by making use of prevailing winds and ocean currents, and observing the stars. By the time the first Europeans arrived, Māori had settled the land, every corner of which came within the interest and influence of a tribal (iwi) or sub-tribal (hapū) grouping. The New Zealand International Festival of the Arts and a host of other festivals reinvigorated the economy, as did the opening of Te Papa in 1998. The entire North Island sits on the crust at the very eastern edge of the Australian Plate. The earliest known name for Wellington city, derived from Māori legend, is Te Upoko o te Ika a Maui or the head of Maui’s fish. It moves, on average, every 400-700 years, and there are claims there is a 10 percent chance it will move within the next 50 years. Unemployment soared. After the war, tariff barriers enabled industry to flourish, especially in the Hutt Valley. The habour is formed between a master fault, the Wellington Fault, and a set of smaller faults at an angle to it. The harbour was named ‘Lambton’ after the Earl of Durham, then Governor of the New Zealand Company (Lambton was his surname). Carwyn Jones, an associate professor at the Victoria University of Wellington Law School who specialises in Māori customary law and Treaty settlements, also takes issue with the existing process, but says that an Ihumātao settlement won't provide legal precedent for altering it. Some areas of Wellington City are built on reclaimed land or relatively unconsolidated sediment, but most dwellings are built on solid rock or very stiff sediment. Fifteen Maori chiefs signed the agreement, and received payment of weapons, tools, clothing and the like, although as elsewhere in New Zealand, the legitimacy of this purchase has since been questioned. Matiu/Somes Island was opened to the public as a nature sanctuary and at Karori a trust opened a large wildlife reserve dedicated to bringing native birdsong back to the capital. According to Maori legend, the demigod Maui is said to have fished up the North Island of New Zealand, Te Ika o Maui, from his great canoe (the South Island). In 2005, archaeologists working on a site for an apartment project unearthed the remains of three whare (huts). At the beginning of the nineteenth century, iwi from Taranaki and Kawhia migrated from their homelands to settle in and around Te Whanganui a Tara. In the early 1980s, earthquake code requirements led to the demolition of many of the city centre’s Victorian/Edwardian buildings. Before European colonisation, the area in which the city of Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous Māori.The earliest date with hard evidence for human activity in New Zealand is about 1280. To view birdlife in abundance, visit the Karori Wildlife Sanctuary. They were believed to be part of Te Aro pā (fortified village), built by the Ngāti Mutunga people in the 1820s and later occupied by other iwi.It was the first such find in Wellington and has been preserved within the Taranaki Street complex. The explorer Kupe is credited with the discovery of the land and harbour on which Wellington is now situated. Gardens extended to where the old Museum at Buckle Street now stands and on some of the hilly area up to Brooklyn and Vogeltown. Here, tangles of looping lianes such as kiekie, climbing rata and supplejack twined and clung to the massive trunks of totara, pukatea, rimu, miro, matai and kahikatea. Wellington didn’t start out as New Zealand’s capital city. When the fish died it became a great land where previously there had been nothing but ocean. Today, these weapons may be seen in Māori ceremonies, such as the wero (challenge). You can see one of these up close at Te Papa. 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